A series of traditional ceremonies from religion to birth in Western Javana
Western Java is an area where local wealth is stored. One of them is the traditional ceremony of Western Javana. Traditional ceremonies belonging to the province are very diverse. Starting with religion, agriculture, birth and others, this cultural heritage has been preserved by the community to this day.
As a resident of Western Java, it is a duty to participate in the preservation of traditional ceremonies. But for people in other provinces, learning the cultural heritage of Western Java is a form of love for the country. Cultural heritage can also be used as an educational tourist destination.
Cultural tourism can not only educateindonesian ma syarakat, but also attract foreign tourists. Through tourism, culture can be presented to all residents of the world. The traditional ceremony is expected to be known to the wider community to maintain its sustainability.
West Javana Traditional Ceremony of Bertem Agamagi
The first traditional ceremony , which contains religious elements, is shura porridge. This activity has nothing to do with the Day of Ashura, which is commonly referred to as g ati as the day of the death of one of the Islamic figures , Hussein. The grandson of the Prophet Muhammad SAW died in a sense in Carbala.
Residents where western Javana’s traditional ceremonies with religious nuances are the Cilacap community. The tradition of “Islam” is often associated with one of the prophets, namely Noah. In addition, he is also associated with Nyai Pohaci Sanghyang Sri, who is the goddess of fertility in the beliefs of Javana.
The tradition takes place behind the homes of one of the inhabitants, who are considered capable of menyelenggarakannya. Pelaksanaannya, can also be erlocated on the outskirts of the river, in the field or in certain places preferred by the inhabitants. These activities havea lot of completeness, for example, for offerings, art, sacred items for tools for making porridge.
Another religious-themed Javanese Barat traditional ceremony is the ngalungsur legacy. The religious ceremony is led by the main j uru, more often called kuncen. In that tradition, the objects of Sunan Rohmat Suci were presented and inherited . The facility continues to be protected by local residents.
In the series of ceremonial processes, participants can see the process of bathing inherited objects . Attendees can recognize anyone and what sunan Rohmat Suci’s heritage heritage in their area looks like. These inherited objects are a symbol of Sunan Rohmat Kudus’s struggle to spread Islam.
Pilgrimage within the framework of traditional ceremonies in Western Javana
The first traditional ceremony in the form of pilgrimage is rebo wekasan. The pilgrimage was usually organized by residents around the Drajat River, Cirebon. The form of activity is to visit the tomb of Sunan Kalijaga. The time of its implementation is Wednesday, namely the last week of the month of Shafar according to the hijri calendar.
Wednesday’s election in the last week of shafar’s month makes some sense. His choice was based onthe assumption that this time was the best day to eliminate reinforcements and misfortune. Budaya, which also accompanies rebo wekasan, is a rowing competition. As a rule, the competition is held after the end of the traditional ceremony.
Another traditional ceremony of the pilgrimage-themed Javanese B arat is ngunjung or munjung. The name of this tradition is the origin of the word kunjung, which is a pilgrimage and prays at the place of rest of the ancestors. The tradition symbolizes the gratitude of the inhabitants for the graces received so far.
The inhabitants of Indramayu, Cirebon and its surroundings usually adhere to these traditions in the graves of ancestors, and the tombs of religious figures are revered or considered sacred. The purpose of tradition, of course, is to ask for the salvation of life. The tradition of gratitude is usually kept after the rice harvest.
In this tradition, he is accompanied by wayang kulit performances and plays as a typical regional art. In addition, the community also presents various special types of culinary, such as tumpeng rice and other traditional culinary species , as recommended.
A form of gratitude for God’s mercy during the traditional ceremonies of Western Javana
In addition to the religious theme, there are also various traditional ceremonies held as a form of gratitude for the abundance of grace for a living from nature. There are various community-based businesses that make a living in nature, from farming to swimming in the sea. Then the community makes a tradition to thank nature.
The first traditional theme ceremony is a sea party. The place of implementation of the tradition is Pangandaran Ciamis and Pelabuhan Ratu, Sukabumi. In addition, it is also carried out in various coastal areas of western Java. In their broom,ksanaan fishermen carry offerings perahu they have previously been embellished with various decorations.
One of the offerings of the tradition is the head of the buffaloes, wrapped in white cloth. These offerings were sunk in the sea as a symbol of offerings to the guardians of the sea and the rejection of the hosts. This tradition is considered every year as a form of gratitude and hope for security, when striving for livelihoods at sea.
Western Javana’s traditional ceremony, as a form of gratitude for the favor of the creator , is ngalaksa. Unlike sea parties , which are often held by fishermen, ngalaksa is organized by farmers. This tradition is usually carried out by residents of the Ranca Kalong district, Sumedango.
The process of implementation of Ngalaksa is the transportation of rice to the seed using rengkong (long bamboo with holes is usually used to transport rice). The event is in June. An interesting point in the tradition is the sound of rengkong music, swaying while walking.
Ngalaksa has the significance of the expression syukur inhabitants for the success of the harvest in farming. Society never forgets god’s role in life’s success. Having received grace during the harvest, the community always carries out ngalaksa as a form of gratitude to the creator.
Dat ceremony western Java wedding tradition before pregnancy
West Java has many traditional ceremonies. In fact, there is not only 1 ceremony at the wedding. Between the ceremonies in marriage is neundeun. The tradition is the visit of the father of a man to the father of a woman in order to establish friendships and convey the intention to apply.
After that, a ngalamar was carried out, which is a tradition in the form of visits by male parents in order to ask a woman. In the tradition, wedding plans for the bride and groom are developed. Then a ceremony was also held, namely, the process when the groom was sent to the woman’s parents to get married.
After the wife has experienced a period of pregnancy, tingkepan is performed. The tradition was carried out after the wife was pregnant with her child for 7 months. The origin of the word tingkep of Tingkepan has a closed meaning. The bottom line is that the future mother is forbidden to mix with her husband within 40 days after giving birth.
Traditional ceremonies of Western Javanese are often full of recitations and bathing of a pregnant mother. In this tradition, canistren rojak is also presented, namely rojak, consisting of 7 types or types. The mother was later bathed by the 7 closest members of the family, splashing seven types of flower water .
In the 7th flush, an eel is inserted until it touches the mother’s belly. The tradition is aimed at hoping for the safety of the baby in the womb. In addition, it is also aimed at maintaining the health of the mother by reducing the proportion of work due to the large period of pregnancy.
Western Java has a variety of traditions that continue to be supported and protected by the local community. Almost every aspect of life is immortalized in traditions, from marriage, pregnancy, efforts to make a living and ending with pilgrimage in honor of ancestors. Porridge shura, rebo wekasan and sea festivals are some examples of how youpacara the customs of western Javanese.